East Midlands region is one of the fastest growing regions in England in terms of population and economy. It is a major energy supplier and food producer. The landscape consists of both upland and flat lands. Climate change in future may affect the economy and development of this region. Here are some of the ways climate change will affect the East Midlands region.
As summers will become warmer, the agricultural productivity will increase, and the tourism industry will grow. The buildings and infrastructure will be affected by the climate change. The people of that region need to be aware of the climate risk that exists. Businesses should be prepared to face challenges like flooding, disruption of transport, coastal erosion, communication links, etc.
A large number of people here live in flood risk areas. It affects the physical and mental wellbeing of people. People should know how to deal with the natural disaster like the flood.
Buildings and infrastructure
The East Midlands is a major energy producer in the UK. It is centrally located and has the road, rail, and air infrastructure. These are all very climate sensitive. The buildings and roads that are present are not equipped to cope with the future climate changes. The long-term resilience of infrastructures should be improved.
Agriculture and forestry
This region is one of the major food providers in the UK due to its vast agricultural land. These lands have future threats due to climate change. The potential threats include less water available for irrigation; more is the flood, etc. There are low levels of woodland in the East Midlands.
Measures must be taken so that the future climate changes can be dealt with. Otherwise, the economy and life of the East Midlands region will be highly affected.